Work organization Hazards

Work organization Hazards

young female at the office stressed with a lot of work
work meeting with three women

Hazards concerning stress (short-term effects) and strain (long-term effects) situations are becoming relevant, with growing indicators in the accidents related to situations of occupational stress regarding job demands, poor working conditions or workers relationships, demonstrating that a hazard does not need to have a physical presence.

Work organization hazards have

multiple causes

Monotonous, repetitive, tedious and meaningless tasks


Inconsistent work pace


Strick and long working schedules with weak shift systems


Absence of power in decision making and control during office hours


Lack of progress and insecurity about continuity on the job


Undecided position and responsibility among other people


Lack or weak worker relationships, bullying, harassment and violence


Poor leadership


Conflicts between home-work problems


and have multiple

EFFECTS

Psychological and social:


Burnout


Mental health – depression, post-traumatic stress disorder and/or anxiety


Social and behavioural health



Physiological and physical:


Musculoskeletal disorders


Cardiovascular disease


Metabolic syndrome and diabetes

It is difficult to assess a psychosocial hazard like the other hazards, since it is not something that can be attributed a value but it is possible to seek solutions according to the risk assessment.
Nevertheless, there are different strategies on interventions levels regarding stress management that ideally should be combined.

primary level

The primary prevention level aims to act at the source of the stress, reducing or eliminating them before the worker can experience it:

  • Job redesign and reorganization
  • Work load reduction
  • secondary level

    The secondary level targets individual workers to develop knowledge, skills and resources to deal their stress response.

    tertiary level

    The tertiary level pretends to rehabilitate workers who have had stress related problems in the past, with strategies to return them to their workplaces consisting in follows up and counselling.

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    The company's workers have access to gyms, volleyball courts, bowling, an outdoor sports park and even music lessons at Google's campus!

    Time to test your work organization skills!

    To become an expert on OSH you need to empower yourself and debate about work organization issues and dilemmas. Imagine an ideal workplace. What if you could create it and play for arbejdsglæde?