Work processes Hazards
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Jonh and Rick are raising money to buy their Interrail pass in the end of the summer! But, maybe their part-time jobs are not as easy as they thought...
Safety or work process hazards are the most common and most likely to happen in a workplace, originated from unsafe situations. Such situations may occur because when a task is assigned, workers tend to find a way to complete it with the available tools, neglecting the hazards and resulting in unsafe acts.
According to Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), safety hazards include:
When at a new workplace, the worker does not know the safety rules and correct procedures of that company/organization. At the beginning the employer should:
Provide to his employees training to occupational safety and health
Recognition of the hazards in accordance to their workplace and task
Continuous and constant training
Besides the safety rules, the company/organization should pay attention to the design of the workplace and:
Have a lean mentality
Maintain the workplace clean and tidy
Grant that workers have access to proper footwear
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) considers six safeguards requirements for working in machinery:
Existence of a safeguard systems that prevents the contact of any part of workers body with moving machinery parts
The safeguard systems should be made of strong materials and should not be easy to tamper it
The moving parts must be protected, ensuring that no object can fall into them, avoiding any projection
The safeguard should be adequate (ex. should not contain sharp edges) and should not introduce new hazards
The safeguard must not interfere with the workers task
The maintenance and oil lubrification should be possible to perform without the removing of the safeguards
Shipbreaking became a major occupational and environmental health problem. According to the International Labour Organization, this activity “is amongst the most dangerous of occupations, with unacceptably high levels of fatalities, injuries and work-related diseases”.
The main causes are the lack of personal protective equipment, little or none training, inadequate safety controls, badly monitored work operations, limited access to health services and sanitary facilities. There is also a high risk of dangerous explosions.
Moreover, shipbreaking is a highly polluting industry. The workers, the environment, fauna and flora contact with a large amount of toxic substances and carcinogens, causing serious long-term occupational effects, environmental and public health problems.
Agriculture, Construction and Extractive Industry
In agriculture, work is carried out outdoors or in greenhouses, with heavy machinery, with use of chemical substances and plant protection products that increase the risks for workers and with an accident rate higher than the average of other sectors.
Construction is another sector with a high risk of accidents and occupational diseases, which contributes to the high number of fatal accidents due to, among other things, falling from heights, burial and electrocution.
In the extractive industry the use of earthmoving machinery, handling of explosives, moving of heavy loads and suspended dust are also factors that increase the risks.
Thus, safety and health of workers and a safe working environment are essential preconditions for a healthy and productive enterprise.