Work processes Hazards

Work processes Hazards

Safety or work process hazards are the most common and most likely to happen in a workplace, originated from unsafe situations. Such situations may occur because when a task is assigned, workers tend to find a way to complete it with the available tools, neglecting the hazards and resulting in unsafe acts.

According to Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), safety hazards include:

#1

Spills on floors or tripping hazards

#2

Working from heights (ladders, scaffolds, roofs, etc)

#3

Unguarded machinery and moving machinery parts

#4

Confined spaces

#5

Machinery-related hazards (lockout/ tagout, boiler safety, forklifts, etc.)

Workprocesses Hazards have

multiple causes

Slips on floors or tripping hazards & working from heights (ladders, scaffolds, roofs, etc.)

Slips:

Wet product or spills on smooth floors or walking surfaces (water, mud, grease)


Dry product or spills making walking surface slippery (dusts, powders, plastic wrapping)


Highly polished floors


Freshly waxed surfaces


Transitioning from two different surfaces


Sloped walking


Loosed rugs, mats, floorboard or tiles


Wet, muddy or greasy shoes


Ramps without slip-resistant surfaces


Metal surfaces


Climbing ladders



Trips:

Uncovered hoses, cables, wires or extension cords


Clutter, obstacles in aisles


Open cabinets, desk drawers and doors


Unmarked steps or ramps


Rumpled or rolled-up carpets/mats


Missing or uneven floor tiles and bricks


Non-uniform and irregular steps


Accumulated debris


Poor lightning



Machinery-related hazards (lockout/ tagout, boiler safety, forklifts, etc.)

Lifting/pulling/pushing


Adjusting machine


General repairing


Hitching/adjusting a load


Mounting/dismounting


Moving/ transporting equipment


common symptoms / injuries can be:

common symptoms / injuries can be:

Sprains and strains, bruises and contusions, fractures, abrasions and lacerations

These happen more often in knee, ankle, foot, wrist or elbow, back or shoulder, hip, and head.

Cuts and lacerations, head injuries, eye injuries and bruising from flying parts or objects, scalds or burns from lack of PPE or contact with faulty equipment, damaged nerves/tendons, broken bones or even loss of limbs from crushing and impact accidents or entrapment, electric shock injuries from touching faulty equipment or live electrics

Safety Wear:

    Namely adequate:

  • |
  • Safety shoes

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  • Gloves

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  • Masks

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  • Respirators

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  • Safety harness

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  • Safety belts

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  • Glasses

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  • Earmuffs

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  • Earplugs

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  • Helmets

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  • Shields

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  • Safety clothes

When at a new workplace, the worker does not know the safety rules and correct procedures of that company/organization. At the beginning the employer should:

#1

Provide to his employees training to occupational safety and health

#2

Recognition of the hazards in accordance to their workplace and task

#3

Continuous and constant training

Besides the safety rules, the company/organization should pay attention to the design of the workplace and:

#4

Have a lean mentality

#5

Maintain the workplace clean and tidy

#6

Grant that workers have access to proper footwear

Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) considers six safeguards requirements for working in machinery:

#7

Existence of a safeguard systems that prevents the contact of any part of workers body with moving machinery parts

#8

The safeguard systems should be made of strong materials and should not be easy to tamper it

#9

The moving parts must be protected, ensuring that no object can fall into them, avoiding any projection

#10

The safeguard should be adequate (ex. should not contain sharp edges) and should not introduce new hazards

#11

The safeguard must not interfere with the workers task

#12

The maintenance and oil lubrification should be possible to perform without the removing of the safeguards

pictogram with a ship

Shipbreaking

Shipbreaking became a major occupational and environmental health problem. According to the International Labour Organization, this activity “is amongst the most dangerous of occupations, with unacceptably high levels of fatalities, injuries and work-related diseases”.
The main causes are the lack of personal protective equipment, little or none training, inadequate safety controls, badly monitored work operations, limited access to health services and sanitary facilities. There is also a high risk of dangerous explosions.
Moreover, shipbreaking is a highly polluting industry. The workers, the environment, fauna and flora contact with a large amount of toxic substances and carcinogens, causing serious long-term occupational effects, environmental and public health problems.

pictogram with an agricultural tractor

Agriculture, Construction and Extractive Industry

In agriculture, work is carried out outdoors or in greenhouses, with heavy machinery, with use of chemical substances and plant protection products that increase the risks for workers and with an accident rate higher than the average of other sectors.

Construction is another sector with a high risk of accidents and occupational diseases, which contributes to the high number of fatal accidents due to, among other things, falling from heights, burial and electrocution.

In the extractive industry the use of earthmoving machinery, handling of explosives, moving of heavy loads and suspended dust are also factors that increase the risks.

Thus, safety and health of workers and a safe working environment are essential preconditions for a healthy and productive enterprise.

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